Franklin on Faith


Within the writings and speeches of the founders, we can see the importance most of them placed in faith and religion; including Benjamin Franklin, who is not renowned for his religious practices or beliefs,

In a 1757 letter to Read More

13th Century Christian Philosopher

The Conclusions of a 13th Century Christian Philosopher


If we abandon the historical point of view and place the context of actions taken within the time-frame and mindset of their occurrences, we can perhaps see the founder’s application of St. Thomas Aquinas’s conclusions regarding the best form of government (intended or not). Of the five legitimate forms of government, St. Thomas stated that the best form of government is a combin . . .


The Proposals of a 13th Century Christian Philosopher

The Founding Fathers of the United States were given the unenviable task of creating a governmental system that was familiar enough to the citizens, yet unique in its balance so as to create a delicate, but lasting institution.

While classically educated and still thinking in European terms, they may have drawn from various philosophers of Europe.

One such philosopher to which they may h . . .


Layers of Government, Local to Federal

Ancient Hebrew governance appears to be the first that provided governmental layers throughout the nation.  Until this system was established, all other governments in the ancient world were primarily based in cities or tribes, which were headed by kings or chieftains.  As outlined in the book of Exodus, the layers consisted of “commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens . . .



When writing Federalist 10, James Madison warned of the perils associated with factions, as well as the hazards of “curing the mischiefs of faction.”  His assessment of both points beckons consideration and caution.

Factions can provid . . .