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Layers of Government, Local to Federal

Ancient Hebrew governance appears to be the first that provided governmental layers throughout the nation.  Until this system was established, all other governments in the ancient world were primarily based in cities or tribes, which were headed by kings or chieftains.  As outlined in the book of Exodus, the layers consisted of “commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens . . .

faction_with_different_ideas

Faction

When writing Federalist 10, James Madison warned of the perils associated with factions, as well as the hazards of “curing the mischiefs of faction.”  His assessment of both points beckons consideration and caution.

Factions can provid . . .

The American Mentality in the 18th Century

Prior to the War for American Independence, the colonial mentality was one of bereaved British citizens, not revolutionaries. The people and the founders approached legal, political, and religious issues with a very European mind-set and experience. Penning the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson listed the liberties withheld or suspended from the colonists by the British government. . . .

Roger Williams: The First Prominent Protestant to Preach Freedom of Religion

After their long journey aboard the Mayflower, the Pilgrims (Puritans) arrived in the Massachusetts Bay knowing that they would now have freedom of religion. However, as they established their settlements, churches, and governments, they held to the governing principles of the ordinances written by John Calvin in Geneva. One of the more notable precepts was the suppression of opposing religiou . . .

How Did We Get the King James Bible?

 

As the king of Scotland, King James VI was all too familiar with the Calvinist (Presbyterian and Puritan) demands for autonomy.  An unwavering devotee to the divine right of kings, upon his ascension to the throne of England as King James I of the entire British Isle, he not only united England and Scotland into a single United Kingdom, but also guarded against the anti-monarchial i . . .